Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955), was a world-famous theoretical physicist and widely regarded as the archetypical genius of modern times.
He is best known for developing the theory of relativity, but his work is also known in philosophy of science. Albert Einstein received Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.
The remarkable scientist was born in Ulm, in the German Empire. During his childhood, his family frequently moved from one place to another. Even during his education, he often changed schools as his family moved house. The earliest one of his homes to be preserved is now known as the Einsteinhaus.
Einsteinhaus is located at Kramgasse No. 49 in Bern, Switzerland. Today it is a museum, also known as Einstein House, it is opened for visitors who can see where Albert Einstein worked and lived with his wife Mileva Maric and his son Hans Albert Einstein. The Einstein family lived there from 1903 to 1905.
The facade of the house is white, and there are huge windows with rounded edges on the top. The private part of the family life is presented on the second floor. The bedroom and the living room are furnished with pieces from that time and give an idea of the living conditions of Einstein and his family. His work, Einstein’s office, and information about his life are shown on the third floor.
After his divorce from Mileva Maric, he moved to another house, on 112 Mercer Street in Princeton, Mercer County, New Jersey. “The Albert Einstein House” was his home in the United States, where he lived with his second wife Elsa from 1935 until his death. The house was built before 1876, and it is a simple pattern-book cottage.
On July 24, 1935, Elsa Einstein bought the home from Mary Clark Marden, and died in the house only one year later in 1936. Albert Einstein continued to live there after his wife’s death, and he openly asked for the house to not be made a museum. However the house was added to National Register of Historic Places, and in 1976 was designated a U.S. National Historic Landmark.
After Einstein’s death in 1955, the house passed to his stepdaughter Margot Einstein. She owned the house until her death in 1986. Einstein’s home was occupied by physicist Frank Wilczek, and was owned by Eric Maskin and his family until 2012. Today, the house is closed to the public and remains a private residence, even though it is owned by the IAS.